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Boldenone (androsta–1,4–dien–17β–ol–3–one, Bo) is an anabolic steroid known to have been used in cattle breeding or equine sport as a doping agent for many years. Although not clinically approved for human application, Bo or its main metabolite 5β-androst-1-en-17β-ol-3-one (BM1) were detected in several doping control samples. For more than 15 years the possibility of endogenous Bo production in human beings has been discussed. This is a challenging issue for doping control laboratories as Bo belongs to the list of prohibited substances of the World Anti-Doping Agency and therefore the chance for false positive testing is significant. By GC/C/IRMS (gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry) it should be possible to analyze the 13 C/ 12 C ratio of either Bo or BM1 and to distinguish whether their source is endogenous or exogenous. Therefore a method was developed to determine the 13 C/ 12 C ratios of Bo, BM1, pregnanediol, androsterone, etiocholanolone, and testosterone from a single urine specimen. The validity of the method was ensured by repeated processing of urine fortified with 2–50 ng/mL Bo and BM1. The specificity of the method was ensured by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry determinations. Out of 23 samples investigated throughout the last four years, 11 showed 13 C/ 12 C ratios of Bo or BM1 inconsistent with an exogenous origin. Two of these samples were collected from the same athlete within a one-month interval, strongly indicating the chance of endogenous Bo production by this athlete. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Antinuclear Antibody Screen (ANA); Anti Strptolysin-O (ASO); Calcium (Ca); Chem 6 [Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN); Creatinine; Electrolytes [ Carbon Dioxide (CO2); Chloride (CL); Potassium (K); Sodium (Na) ]; Complete Blood Count [ Automated Differential; Hematocrit (Hct); Hemoglobin (Hgb); Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH); Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC); Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV); Platelet (PLT); Red Blood Cell Count (RBC); Red Cell Distribution Width Standard Deviation (RDWSD); Red Cell Distribution Width Coefficient Variation (RDWCV); White Blood Cell Count (WBC)] ; C-Reactive Protein (CRP); Creatine Kinase (CK); Epstein-Barr Virus Basic Panel [Epstein-Barr Virus Antibody IgG; Epstein-Barr Virus Antibody IgM] ; Estrogen, Total; Glucose Random; HLA-B27 Antigen; Insulin - Like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1 / Somatomedin C); Magnesium (Mg); Parathyroid Hormones Intact (PTH Intact); Progesterone; Protein Electrophoresis; Rheumatoid Factor (RF); Sedimentation Rate (ESR); Testosterone, Total; Thyroid Profile with TSH [Free Thyroxine Index (FTI); T3 Uptake; Thyroid Stimulated Hormone (TSH); Thyroxine Total (T4)]; Uric Acid